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2006年MBA英语真题及答案详解

2006MBA英语真题及答案详解

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  选择题的答案须用2B铅笔填涂在答题卡上,其它笔填涂的或做在试卷或其它类型答题卡上的答案无效。

  其他题一律用蓝色或黑色钢笔或圆珠?#35797;?#31572;题纸上按规定要求作答,凡做在试卷上或未做在指定位置的答案无效。

  交卷时,请配合监考人员验收,并请监考人员在准考证相应位?#20204;?#23383;(作为考生交卷的凭据)。否则,所产生的一切后果由考生自负。

  2006年全国攻读工商管理硕士研究生入学考试

  英语试题

  Section I  Vocabulary (10 points)

  Directions:

  There are 20 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence and mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1.

  1.In some countries girls are still_____of a good education

  A denied   B declined

  C denved   D deprived

  2. As the years passed the memories of her childhood______away

  A faded     B disappeared

  C flashed   D fired

  3. Brierleys book has the________ of being both informative and readable

  A inspiration   B requirements

  C myth        D merit

  4.If I have any comments to make Ill write them in the ______of the book Im reading

  A edge       B page

  C margin     D side

  5. My________would really trouble me if I wore a fur coat

  A consciousness         B consequence

  C constitution           D conscience

  6. When the post fell_______Dennis Bass was appointed to fill it

  A empty            B vacant

  C hollow            D hare

  7. Mother who takes care of everybody is usually the most _________person in each family

  A considerate     B considerable

  C considering     D constant

  8. For ten years the Greeks _______the city of Troy to separate it from the outside

  A captured            B occupied

  C destroyed           Dsurrounded

  9. Other guests at yesterdays opening which was broadcast______ by the radio station included Anne Melntosh and Mayor

  A live              B alive

  C living             D lively

  10. A New Zealand man was recently_________to life imprisonment for the murder of an English tourist Monica Cantwell

  A punished            B accused

  C sentenced           D put

  11. The past 22 years have really been amazing and every prediction weve made about improvements have al come____

  A truly           B true

  C Truth           D truthful

  12. The teachers tried to ______these students that they could solve the complicated problem however they just didnt see the point

  A convince            B encourage

  C consult              D inclined

  13. Im_________ to think that most children would like their teachers to be their friends rather than their commanders

  A subjected      B supposed

  C declined       D inclined

  14. She is under the impression that he isnt a_____________person for he wouldnt tell her where and when he went to university

  A genius               B generous

  C genuine              D genetic

  15. The first glasses of Coca Cola were drunk in 1886 The drink was first_____by a US chemist called John Pemberton

  A formed          B made

  C found           D done

  16. These two chemicals_________with each other at a certain temperature to produce a substance which could cause an explosion

  Ainteract            B attract

  C react              D expel

  17. _________they can get people in the organization to do what must he done they will not succeed

  A Since           BUnless

  C If               D Whether

  18. Once you have started a job you should do it__________

  A in practice   B in theory

  C in earnest    D in a hurry

  19. Although they new library service has been very successful its future is ______certain

  A at any rate         B by no means

  C by all means        D at any cost

  20.To my surprise at yesterdays meeting he again_________the planthat had been disapproved a week before

  A brought about         B brought out

  C brought up           D brought down

  Section II  Cloze (10 points)

  Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1.

  Wholesale prices in July rose more sharply than expected and at a faster rate than consumer prices21 hat businesses were still protecting consumers 22 the full brunt ( ) of higher energy costs.

  The Producer Price Index 23 measures what producers receive for goods and services 24 1 percent in July. The Labor Department reported yesterday. Double  25  economists had been expecting and a sharp turnaround from flat prices in June. Excluding  26  and energy. the core index of producer prices rose 0.4 percent  27  than the 0.1 percent that economists had  28 . Much of that increase was a result of an  29  increase in car and truck prices.

  On Tuesday the Labor Department said the  30  that consumers paid for goods and services in July were 31  0.5 percent over all and up 0.1 percent excluding food and energy.

  32  the overall rise in both consumer and producer prices  33  caused by energy costs which increased 4.4 percent n the month. (Wholesale food prices  34  0.3 percent in July.  35  July 2004 Wholesale prices were up 4.6 percent the core rate   36   2.8 percent its fastest pace since 1995.

  Typically increases in the Producer Price Index indicate similar changes in the consumer index 37  businesses recoup ( ) higher costs from customers. 38 for much of this expansion which started 39 the end of 2001 that has not been the 40 . In fact many businesses like automakers have been aggressively discounting their products.

  21. A indicate B to indicate C indicating Dindicated

  22. A of         B to         C by       D from

  23. A that        B which      C it        D this

  24.Arise         B rises       C rose      D raised

  25.A that        B what       C which     D this

  26. A food       B grain       C crop      Ddiet

  27. A less        B lower      C higher     D more

  28.A said        B reported     C calculated  D forecast

  29. A expectable   B. unexpected  C expectation  D expecting

  30. A prices      B costs       C charges     D values

  31. A down       B from       C to         D up

  32. A Much       B Most       C Most of     D Much of

  33. A was        B were        C is         D are

  34. A fall        B fell         C falls       D has fallen

  35. A Comparing with B In comparison C Compared with D Compare to

  36. A dropped     B declined      C lifted      D climbed

  37. A as         B so          C while       D when

  38. A And        B But         C Yet        D Still

  39. A at          B by         C in         D to

  40. A condition     B situation    C matter       D case41.

  Section III  Reading comprehension (40 points)

  Directions:

  Read the following four passages. Answer the questions below each passage by choosing A, B, C and D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1.

  Passage One

  Office jobs are among the positions hardest hit by compumation ( ). Word processors and typists will lose about 93000 jobs over the next few years while 57000 secretarial jobs will vanish. Blame the PC: Today many executives type their own memos and carry there secretaries in the palms of their hands. Time is also hard for stock clerks whose ranks are expected to decrease by 68000. And employees in manufacturing firms and wholesalers are being replaced with computerized systems.

  But not everyone who loses a job will end up in the unemployment line. Many will shift to growing positions within their own companies. When new technologies shook up the telecomm business telephone operator Judy Dougherty pursued retraining. She is now a communications technician earning about $ 64000 per year. Of course if youve been a tollbooth collector for the past 30 years and you find yourself replaced by an E ZPass machine it may be of little consolation(?#21442;?/SPAN>) to know that the telecom field is booming.

  And thats just it: The service economy is fading: welcome to the expertise(专门知识) economy. To succeed in the new job market you must be able to handle complex problems. Indeed all but one of the 50 highest-paying occupations---air-traffic controller---demand at least a bachelor’s degree.

  For those with just a high school diploma(毕业证书).Its going to get tougher to find a well-paying job. Since fewer factory and clerical jobs will be available .whats left be the jobs that compumations cant kill computers cant clean offices or for Alzheimers patients(老年痴呆 ). But since most people have the skills to fill those positions the wages stay painfully low meaning compumation could drive an even deeper wedge ( ) between the and poor The best advice now Never stop learning and keep up with new technology.

  For busy adults of course that can be tough The good news is that very technology thats reducing so many jobs is a making it easier to go back to school without having to sit in a classroom. So called internet distance learning is hot with more than three million students currently enrolled and its gaining credibility with employers.

  Are you at risk of losing your job to a computer Check the federal Bureau of Labor

  Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook which is available online at bls.gov .

  41.Prom the first paragraph we can infer that all of the following persons are easily thrown into unemployment EXCEPT.

  A secretaries        B stock clerks       C managers        D wholesalers

  42In the second paragraph the anther mentions the tollbooth collector to

  A mean he will get benefits from the telecomm fled

  B show he is too old to shift to a new position

  C console him on having been replaced by a machine

  D blame the PC for his unemployment

  43.By saying compumation could drive an even deeper wedge between the rich and poor (line 5. Para 4 )the author means

  A people are getting richer and richer

  B there will be a small gap between rich and poor

  C the gap between rich and poor is getting larger an larger

  D its time to close up be gap between the rich and poor

  44What is the authors attitude towards computers

  A positive       B negative       C neutral      D prejudiced

  45Which of the following might serve as the best title of passage

  A Blaming the PC

  B The booming telecomm field

  C Internet distance leaning

  D Keeping up with compumation

  

  Passage Two

  Tens of thousands of 18 year olds will graduate this year and be handed meaningless diplomas .These diplomas wont look any different from awarded their luckier classmates Their validity will be questioned only when their employers discover the these graduates are semiliterate(半文盲)

  Eventually a fortunate few will find their way into educational repair adult literacy

  Programs such as the one where I teach grammar and writing .There high school graduates and high school dropouts pursuing graduate equivalency certificates will learn the skills they should have learned in school They will discover they have been cheated by our educational system.

  I will never forget a teacher senior when be had her for English .He site in the back of the room talking to his friends .she told me ,” Why dont you move him to the front row

  I urged believing the embarrassment would get him to settle down Mrs. Stifter said "I dont move seniors. I think (使 ) them. Our sons academic life flashed before my eyes. No teacher had ever threatened him. By the time I got home I was feeling pretty good this .It was a radical approach for these times but well. Why not Shes going to flunk you I told my son.

  I did not discuss it any further.Suddenly English became a priorty ( ) in his life.He finished out the semester with an A.

  I know one example doesnt make a casebut at night I see a parade of students who are angry for having been passed along until they could no longer even pretend to keep up.Of average intelligence or betterthey eventually quit schoolconcluding they were too dumb to finish. I should have been held back,” is a comment I hear frequently.Even sadder are those students who are high-school graduates who say to me after a few weeks of class.I dont know how I ever got a high-school diploma.

  Passing students who have not mastered the work cheats them and the employers who expect graduates to have basic skills.We excuse this dishonest behavior by saying kids cant learn if they come from terrible environments.No one seems to stop to think that most kids don’t put school first on their list unless they perceive something is at risk.They’d rather be sailing.

  Many students I see at night have decided to make education a priority.They are motivated by the desire for a better job or the need to hang on to the one theyve got.They have a healthy fear of failure.

  People of all ages can rise above their problemsbut they need to have a reason to do so.Yong people generally dont have the maturity to value education in the same way my adult students value it.But fear of failure can motivate both.

  46.What is the subject of this essay

  A view point on learning

  B a qualified teacher

  C the importance of examination

  D the generation gap

  47.How did Mrs.Sifter get the attention of one of the authors children

  A flunking him

  B moving his seat

  C blaming him

  D playing card with him

  48.The author believes that most effective way for a teacher is to

  A purify the teaching environments .

  B set up cooperation between teachers and parents.

  C hold back student.

  D motivate student.

  49. From the passage we can draw the conclusion that the authors attitude toward flunking is

  A negative

  B positive

  C biased

  D indifferent

  50. Judging from the content this passage is probably written for

  A administrators

  B students

  C teachers

  D parents

  Passage Three

  Names have gained increasing importance in the competitive world of higher education. As colleges strive for market share they are looking for names that project the image they want or reflect the changes they hope to make. Trenton.State College for example became the College of New Jersey nine years ago when it began raising admissions standards and appealing to students from throughout the state.

  “All I hear in higher education is Brand brand brand,” said Tim Westerbeck who specializes in branding and is managing director of Lipman Hearne a marketing firm based in Chicago that works with universities and other nonprofit organizations. There has been a sea change over the last 10 years. Marketing used to be almost a dirty word in higher education.”

  Not all efforts at name changes are successful ofcourse . In 1997 the New School for Social Research became New School University to reflect its growth into a collection of eight colleges offering a list of majors that includes psychology music urban studies and management. But New Yorkers continued to call it the New School .

  Nowafter spending an undisclosed sum on an online survey and a marketing consultants creation of haming structures. brand architecture and identity systems,” the university has come up with a new name: the New School.Beginning Monday it will adopt new logon ( ) banners business cards and even new names for the individual colleges all to include the words the New School.

  Changes in names generally reveal significant shifts in how a college wants to be perceived. In altering its name from Cal State. Hayward to Cal State East Bay the university hoped to project its expanding role in two mostly suburban countries east of San Francisco.

  The University of Southern Colorado a state institution became Colorado State University at Pucblo two years ago hoping to bighight many internal changes i, ncluding offering more graluate programs and setting higher admissions standards.

  Beaver College turned itself into Arcadia University in 2001 for several reasons: to break the connection with its past as a womens college to promote its growth into a full-fledged( ) university and officials acknowledged to climinate some jokes about the college’s old name on late-night television and “moring zoo” radio shows.

  Many college officials said changing a name and image could produce substantial results. At Arcadiain addition to the rise in applicationsthe average students test score has increased by 60 pointsJuli Roebeckan Arcadia spokeswoman said.

  51. which of the following is NOT the reason for colleges to change their names

  A They prefer higher education competition

  B They try to gain advantage in market share.

  C They want to project their image.

  D They hope to make some changes.

  52. It is implied that one of the most significant changes in highter education in the past decade is

  A the brand.

  B the college names

  C the concept of marketing

  D list of majors.

  53.The thrase "come up with"(Line 3 Para 4)probably means

  A catch up with

  B deal with

  C put forward

  D come to the realizatoin

  54 The case of name changing from Cal State Hayward to Cal State indicates that the university

  A is perceived by the society

  B hopes to expand its influence

  C prefers to reform its reaching programs

  D expects to enlange its campus

  55.According to the spokeswoman the name change of Beaver College

  A turns out very successful

  B fails to attain its goal

  C has eliminated some jokes

  D has transformed its status

  Passage Four

  it looked just like another aircraft from the outside The pilot told his young passengers that it was built in 1964.But apperances were deceptive and the 13 students from Europe and the USA who boarded the aiecraft were in for the fligt of their lives.

  Inside the area that normally had seats had become a long white tunnel.Heavily padded(填塞) from floor to ceiling it looked abit strange. There were almost no windows but ligts along the padded walls illuminated it.Most of the seats had been taken out apart from afew at the back where the young scientists quickly took their places with a look of fear.

  For 12 monthsscience students from across the continents had competed to win a place on the flight at the invitation of the European Space Agency .the challenge had been to suggest imaginative experments to be conducted in weightless condtions.

  For the next two hours the flight resembled that of an onormous bird which had lose its resonshooting upwards towards the heavens before rushing towards Earth.The invention was to Achieve weightlessness for a few seconds.

  The aircraft took off smoothly enough. But any feelings that I and the young scientists had that we were on anything like a scheduled passenger service were quickly dismissed when the pilot put the plane into a 45 degree climb which lasted around 20 seconds. Then the engines cut our and we became weightless. Everything become confused and left or right. Up or down no longer had any meaning. after ten seconds of free fall descent the pilot pulled the aircraft out of its nosedive. The return of gravity was less immediate than its loss. but was still sudden enough to ensure that some students came down with a bump.

  Each time the pilot cut the engines and we became weightless. A new team conduct it experience. First it was the Ducth who wanted to discover how it is that cats always land on their feet. then the German team who conducted a successful experiment on a traditional building method to see if could be used for building a futher space station .the Americans had an idea to create solar sails that could be used by satellites.

  After two hours of going up and down in the lane doing their experiments the predominate feeling was one of excitement rather than sickness. Most of the students thought it was an unforgettable experience and one they would be keen to repeat.

  56what did the writer say about the plane.

  A It had no seats.

  B It was painted white.

  C It had no windows.

  D The outside was misleading.

  57.according to the writer how did the young scientists feel before the flight

  A sick

  B keen

  C nervous

  D impatient

  58.what did the pilot do with the plane after it took off

  A He quickly climbed and then stopped the engines.

  B He climbed and them made the plane fall slowly.

  C He took off normally and then cut the engines for 20 seconds.

  D He climbed and then made the plane turn over.

  59.Acoording to the passagethe purpose of being weightless was to

  A see what conditions bare like in space

  B prepare the young scientists for future work in space

  C show the judges of the competition what they could do

  D make the teams try out their ideas

  60.this passage was written to

  A encourage young people to take up science

  B describe the process of a scientific competition

  C show scientists what young people can do

  D report on a new scientific technique

  Section IV  Translation (20 points)

  Directions:

  In this section there is a passage in English. Translate the five sentences underlined into Chinese and write your translation on ANSWER SHEET 2.

  The smooth landing of shuttle(航天飞机)Discovery ended a flight that was successful in almost every respect but onethe dislodging of a big chunk of foamlike the one that doomed the Columbia. This flight was supposed to vault the shuttle fleet back into space after a prolonged grounding for repairs. But given the repeat of the very problem that two years of retooling was supposed to resolvethe verdict is necessarily mixed.61Once againthe space agency has been forced to put off the flight until it can find a solution to the problemand no one seems willing to guess how that may take .

  The Discovery astronauts performed superbly during their two-week missionand the shuttle looked better than ever in some respects.62space officials were justifiably happy that so much had gone welldespite daily worries over possible risks. the flight clearly achieved its prime objectives.

  The astronauts transferred tons of cargo to the international space stationwhich has been limping along overhead with a reduced crew and limited supplies carried up on smaller Russian spacecraft .63They replaced a broken device .repaired another and carted away a load of rubbish that had been left on the stationshowing the shuttle can bring full loads back down from space.

  This was the most scrutinized shuttle flight ever. with the vehicle undergoing close inspection while still in orbit.64New sensing and photographic equipment to look for potentially dangerous damage to the sensitive external skin proved valuable .A new back flip maneuver allowed station astronauts to photograph the shuttle‘s underbelly .and an extra-long robotic arm enabled astronauts see parts of the shuttle that were previously out of sight .

  (65The flood of images and the openness in discussing its uncertainties about potential hazards sometimes made it appear that the shuttle was about to fall apartIn the end the damage was clearly tolerable . A much-touted spacewalk to repair the shuttles skin the first of its kind moved an astronaut close enough to pluck out some protruding material with his hand Preliminary evidence indicates that Discovery has far fewer nicks and gouges than shuttles on previous flights.

  perhaps showing that improvements to reduce the shedding of debris from the external fuel tank have had some success .

  Section V  Writing (20 points)

  Directions:

  In this part, you are asked to write a composition according to the information below. You should write more than 150 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2.

  Describe the diagram and analyze the possible causes .You should write at least 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET

  1998-2004年全国工程硕士硕士录取人数

  工程硕士:Master of Engineering

  2006MBA英语联考真题参考答案

  Section I Vocabulary and Structure (20x0.5= 10 points )

  1--5 D A D C D     6--10 B A D A C    11--15 B B D A B  16--20 A B C B C

  Section II Cloze ( 15 x 1=15 points)

  21--25 C D B C B   26--30 A C D B A   31--35 D D A B C   36--40 D A C A D

  Section III Reading Comprehension ( 20x2=40 points )

  41--45 C B C A D   46--50 A A D B C   51--55 A C C A C   56--60 A C A D A

  Section IV Translation ( 20x1=20 points ) (参?#23478;?#25991;)

  61.航天部门被迫再次推迟飞行,直到?#19994;?#38382;题的解决办法。似乎也没有人愿意揣测那要多久。

  62.航空部官员理所当然感到庆幸,虽然他们每天担忧可能会出现什么样的危险,但结果却一切进展顺利。此次飞?#22411;?#25104;了首要任务。

  63.他们换掉?#20284;?#25439;的设备,修好了另一个设备,清理掉太空站上的垃圾,表明航天飞机可以满载太空站上的物品,返回地球。

  64.事实证明,用新的感应和照片拍摄设备来查找对敏感的外层表皮带来可能的损伤,这是非常有价值的。

  65.大量的图像,以及公开谈论难以确定的潜在危险,有时让?#21496;?#24471;航天飞机马上会解体。最终,所造成的损伤明显是可以忍受的。

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