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2003年MBA英語真題及答案

2003MBA英語真題及答案
下載2003年MBA英語真題及答案.doc

  考生須知

  選擇題的答案須用2B鉛筆填涂在答題卡上,其它筆填涂的或做在試卷或其它類型答題卡上的答案無效。

  其他題一律用藍色或黑色鋼筆或圓珠筆在答題紙上按規定要求作答,凡做在試卷上或未做在指定位置的答案無效。

  交卷時,請配合監考人員驗收,并請監考人員在準考證相應位置簽字(作為考生交卷的憑據)。否則,所產生的一切后果由考生自負。http://www.mbajyz.cn/

  2003年全國攻讀工商管理碩士研究生入學考試

  英語試題

  Section II  Cloze (10 points)

  Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1.

  21. Long long ago,most foresters have been men, but today, a number of women this field is climbing.

  A. registering B. pursuing C. devoting D. engaging

  22. The bankno0tes which had fooled many bank tellers were discovered to be

  A. artificial B. genuene C. counterfeit D. faulty

  23. Without a whole hearted to a keen forward-looking vision and a deep insight, you cnnot be a leader.

  A. determination B. resolution C. commitment D. obligation

  24. All transactions are strictly , and we never sell, rent or trade any customers name.

  A. considerable B. confident C. considerate D. confidential ..joxue.

  25. Big businesses enjoy certain that smaller ones do not have.

  A. transactions B. privileges C. subsidies D. substitutes

  26. Your kindness in giving to the consideration of the above problem vill be highly appreciated./

  A. importance B. advantage C. priority D. authority

  27. The border incident led to the two countries their diplomatic relations.

  A. breaking out B. breaking in C. breaking through D. breaking off

  28. I meant to sound confident at the interview but I m afraid I as self-assertive.

  A. got in B. got over C. got off D. got out

  29. John planned to take part in the competition but had to on account of the car accident.

  A. drop out B. hold out C. get out D. run out

  30. He doesnt work but he gets a good from his investment.

  A. subsidy B. income C. earning D. salary

  31. can help but be fascinated by the world into which he is taken by the science fiction.

  A. Anybody B.Nobody C. Somebody D. Everybody

  32. Anyone with half an eye on the unemployment figures knew thay the assertion about economic recovery just around the corner was untrue.

  A. was B. being C. would be D. to be

  33. Oceans continually lose by evaporating much of the river water into them.

  A. to constantly flow B. be constantly flowing C. constantly flows D. constantly flowing

  34. The result has turned still worse than it .

  A. would otherwise have been B. would be otherwise

  C. had otherwise been D. has otherwise benn

  35. There is no reason they should limit how much vitamin you take, they can limit how much water you drink.

  A. much more than B. no more than C. no less than D. any more than

  36. He told us how he dealt with the self-interest of different countries to bring them into a kind of international accord. everyone seemed to benefit.

  A. where B. what C. that D. which

  37. We hope the measures to control prices taken by the government will succeed.

  A. when B. as C. since D. after/

  38. The costs of distribution and sales make up a large part of prices that .

  A. all products are paid for B. are paid for all products

  C. all products paid D. for which all products paid

  39. So quickly are science and technology advancing is a possibility today may be a reality tomorrow.

  A. that B. what C. that which D. that what

  40. It is still Richards ambition to study medicine , someday, to make a real contribution to the field of science.

  A. and B. also C. but D. or ..joxue.

  Section III  Reading comprehension (40 points)

  Part A

  Directions:

  Read the following four passages. Answer the questions below each passage by choosing A, B, C and D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1.

  Questions 51 to 54 are based on the following passage:

  A little more than a century ago, Michael Faraday, the noted British physicist, managed to gain audience with a group of high government officials, to demonstrate an electro-chemical principle, in the hope of gaining support for his work.

  After observing the demonstrations closely, one of the officials remarked bluntly, Its a fascinating demonstration, young man, but just what practical application will come of this?

  “I dont know, replied Faraday, but I do know that 100 years from now youll be taxing them.

  From the demonstration of a principle to the marketing of products derived from that principle is often a long, involved series of steps. The speed and effectiveness with which these steps art taken are closely related to the history of management, the art of getting things done. Just as management applies to the wonders that have evolved from Faraday and other inventors, so it applied some 4,000 years ago to the working of the great Egyptian and Mesopotamian import and export firms… to Hannibal’s remarkable feat of crossing the Alps in 218 B.C. with 90,000 foot soldiers, 12,000 horsemen and a “conveyor belt” of 40 elephants…or to the early Christian Church, with its world-shaking concepts of individual freedom and equality.

  These ancient innovators were deeply involved in the problems of authority, divisions of labor, discipline, unity of command, clarity of direction and the other basic factors that are so meaningful to management today. But the real impetus to management as an emerging profession was the Industrial Revolution. Originating in 18-century England, it was triggered by a series of classic inventions and new processes; among them John Kay’s flying Shuttle in 1733. James Hargrove’s’ Spinning Jenny in 1770, Samuel Compton’s Mule Spinner in 1779 and Edmund Cartwright’s Power Loom in 1785.

  51. The anecdote about Michael Faraday indicates that

  A. politicians tax everything

  B. people are skeptical about the values of pure research

  C. government should support scientists

  D. he was rejected by his government

  52. Management is defined as

  A. the creator of the Industrial Revolution

  B. supervising subordinates

  C. the art of getting things done

  D. an emerging profession

  53. Management came into its own

  A. in the Egyptian and Mesopotamian import and export firms

  B. in Hannibals famous trip across the Alps

  C. in the development of early Christian Church

  D. in the eighteenth century ..joxue.

  54. A problem of management NOT mentioned in this passage is

  A. the problem of command

  B. division of labor

  C. control by authority

  D. competition..joxue.

  Questions 55 to 58 are based on the following passage:..joxue.

  By education, I mean the influence of the environment upon the individual to produce a permanent change in the habits of behavior, of thought and of attitude. It is in being thus susceptible(容易受影響的)to the environment that man differs from the animals, and the higher animals from the lower. The lower animals are influenced by the environment but not in the direction of changing their habits. Their instinctive responses are few and fixed by heredity(遺傳;繼承). When transferred to an unnatural situation, such an animal is led astray by its instincts. Thus the ant-lion whose instinct implies it to bore into loose sand by pushing backwards with abdomen(腹部)goes backwards on a plate of glass as soon as danger threatens, and endeavors, with the utmost exertions to bore into it . It knows no other mode of flight, “or if such a lonely animal is engaged upon a chain of actions and is interrupted, it either goes on vainly with the remaining actions(as useless as cultivating an unsown field)or dies in helpless inactivity. Thus a net-making spider which digs a burrow and rims it with a bastion(堡壘)of gravel and bits of wood, when removed from a half finished home, will not begin again, though it will continue another burrow, even one made with a pencil.

  Advance in the scale of evolution along such lines as these could only be made by the emergence of creatures with more and more complicated instincts. Such beings we know in the ants and spiders. But another line of advance was destined to open out a much more far-reaching possibility of which we do not see the end perhaps even in man. Habits, instead of being born ready-made(when they are called instincts and not habits at all )were left more and more to the formative influence of the environment, of which the most important factor was the parent who now cared for the young animal during a period of infancy in which vaguer instincts than those of the insects were molded to suit surroundings which might be considerably changed without harm.

  This means, one might at first imagine, that gradually heredity becomes less and environment more important. But this is hardly the truth and certainly not the whole truth. For although fixed automatic responses like those of the insect-like creatures are no longer inherited, although selection for purification of that sort is no longer going on, yet selection for educability is very definitely still of importance. The ability to acquire habits can be conceivably inherited just as much as can definite re responses to narrow situations. Besides, since a mechanism---is now, for the first time, created by which the individual (in contradiction to the species) can be fitted to the environment, the latter becomes, in another sense, less not more important. And finally, less not the higher animals who possess the power of changing their environment by engineering feats and the like, a power possessed to some extent even by the beaver (海貍),and preeminently(卓越地)by man. Environment and heredity are in no case exclusive but5 always-supplementary factors...joxue.

  55. Which of the following is the most suitable title for the passage?

  A. The Evolution of Insects

  B. Environment and Heredity

  C. Education: The Influence of the Environment

  D. The Instincts of Animals

  56. What can be inferred from the example of the ant-lion in the first paragraph?

  A. Instincts of animals can lead to unreasonable reactions in strange situations.

  B. When it is engaged in a chain actions it cannot be interrupted.

  C. Environment and heredity are two supplementary factors in the evolution of insects.

  D. Along the lines of evolution heredity becomes less and environment more important.

  57. Based on the example provided in the passage, we can tell that when a spider is removed to a new position where half of a net has been made, it will probably.

  A. begin a completely new net

  B. destroy the half-net

  C. spin the test of the net

  D. stay away from the net

  58. Which of the following is true about habits according to the passage?

  A. They are natural endowments to living creatures

  B. They are more important than instincts to all animals

  C. They are subject to the formative influence of the environment.

  D. They are destined to open out a much more far-reaching possibility in the evolution of human beings...joxue.

  Questions 59 to 62 are based on the following passage:..joxue.

  One of the saddest things about the period in which we live is the growing estrangement(疏遠)between America and Europe. This may be a surprising discovery to those who are over impressed by the speed with which turbojets can hop from New York to Paris. But to anyone who is aware of what America once meant to English libertarian poets and philosophers, to the young Ibises bitterly excoriating(痛斥)European royalty for the murder of Lincoln, to Italian novelists and poets translating the nineteenth century American classics as a demonstration against Fascism, there is something particularly disquieting in the way that the European Left, historically “pro-American” because it identified America with expansive democracy, now punishes America with Europe’s lack of hope in the future.

  Although America has obviously not fulfilled the visionary hope entertained for it in the romantic heyday, Americans have, until recently, thought of themselves as an idea, a proposition(in Lincolns word) set up for the enlightenment and the improvement of mankind. Officially, we live by our original principles; we insist on this boastfully and even inhumanly. And it is precisely this steadfastness to principle that irks(使苦惱,使厭煩) Europeans who under so many pressures have had to shift and to change, to compromise and to retreat.

  Historically, the obstinacy of Americas faith in principles has been staggering -----the sacrament(神圣) of the Constitution, the legacy of the Founding Fathers, the moral rightness of all our policies, the invincibility of our faith in the equality and perfectibility of man. From the European point of view, there is something impossibly romantic, visionary, and perfectibility of man. From the European point of view, there is something impossibly romantic, visionary, and finally outrageous about an attachment to political formulas that arose even before a European revolutionary democracy was born of the French Revolution, and that have survived all the socialist utopias and internationals. Americans honestly insist on the equality of men even when they deny this equality in practice; they hold fast to romantic doctrines of perfectibility even when such doctrines contradict their actual or their formal faith---- whether it be as scientists or as orthodox Christians.

  It is fact that while Americans as a people are notoriously empirical. Pragmatic, and unintellectual, they live their lives against a background of unalterable national shibboleths(陳舊的語句). The same abundance of theory that allowed Walt Whitman to fill out his poetry with philosophical road signs of Am, erican optimism allows a president to make pious references to God as an American tradition-----references which, despite their somewhat mechanical quality, are not only sincere but which, to most Americans, express the reality of America.

  59. The writer uses the example of Ibises and others to maintain that

  A. Europeans do not have the proper appreciation of the United States

  B. Europeans have made a notable shift in attitude toward the United States

  C. American culture has been rediscovered by Europeans

  D. Europeans no longer feel that there should be an exchange of ideas with Americans

  60. The writer states that, until recently, Americans thought of their country as a

  A. source of enlightenment

  B. leader in technological progress

  C. recipient of European heritage

  D. peacemaker

  61. The author states that American democracy in practice sometimes is in conflict with

  A. theoretical notions of equality

  B. other political systems

  C. Europes best interests

  D. Both A and B

  62. Which of the following was NOT mentioned by the author as an American principle?

  A. Equality of man.

  B. Moral rightness as American policy decisions.

  C. Mans capacity to become perfect.

  D. The inviolability(不可侵犯)of the individuals integrity...joxue.

  Questions 63 to 65 are based on the following passage:

  The truly incompetent may never know the depths of their own incompetence, a pair of social psychologists said on Thursday.

  “We found again and again that people who perform poorly relative to their peers(同等人)tended to think that they did rather well. Justin Kruger, co-author of a study on the subject, said in a telephone interview.

  Kruger and co-author David Dunning found that when it came to a variety of skillslogical reasoning, grammar, even sense of humor----people who essentially were inept(無能的;愚蠢的)never realized it ,while those who had some ability were self-critical.

  It had little to do with innate modesty, Kruger said, but rather with a central paradox: Incompetents lack the basic skills to evaluate their performance realistically. Once they get those skills, they know where they stand, even if that is at the bottom,

  Americans and Western Europeans especially had an unrealistically sunny assessment of their own capabilities, Dunning said by telephone in a separate interview, while Japanese and Koreans tended to give a reasonable assessment of their performance. In certain areas, such as athletic performance, which can be easily quantified, there is less self-delusion(欺騙),the researchers said. But even in some cases in which the failure should seem obvious, the perpetrator is blithely(愉快地;快活地)unaware of the problem.

  This was especially true in the areas of logical reasoning, where research subjects + students at Cornell University, where the two researchers were based +often rated themselves highly even when they flubbed(搞得一團糟) all questions in a reasoning test.

  Later, when the students were instructed in logical reasoning, they scored better on a test but rate themselves lower, having learned what constituted competence in this area.

  Grammar was another area in which objective knowledge was helpful in determining competence, but the more subjective area of humor posed different challenges, the researchers said.

  Participants were asked to rate how funny certain jokes were ,and compare their responses with what an expert panel of comedians thought. On average, participants overestimated their sense of humor by about 16 percentage points.

  This might be thought of as the above-average effect , the notion that most Americans would rate themselves as above average, a statistical impossibility.

  The researchers also conducted pilot studies of doctors and gun enthusiasts. The doctors overestimated how well they had performed on a test of medical diagnoses and the gun fanciers thought they knew more than they actually did about gun safety.

  So who should be trusted: The person who admits incompetence of the one who shows confidence? Neither, according to Dunning.

  “you cant take them at their word. Youve got to take a look at their performance, Dunning added.

  63. Why do incompetent people rarely know they are inept?

  A. They are too inept to know what competence is

  B. They are not skillful at logical reasoning, grammar, and sense of humor.

  C. They lack the basic skills to evaluate their performance realistically.

  D. They have some ability to over criticize themselves.

  64. Which of the following statement is NOT true, according to the passage?

  A. Students at Cornell University often rated themselves highly even when they flubbed all questions in a reasoning test.

  B. Grammar was an area in which objective knowledge was helpful in determining competence.

  C. Participants in the test estimated their sense of humor by about 16 percentage points.

  D. Students scored better on a logical reasoning test but rated themselves lower.

  65. What do you know about above-average effect based on the passage?

  A. Most Americans assess themselves as above average.

  B. American doctors overestimated how well they had performed on a test of medical diagnoses.

  C. American gun enthusiasts thought they knew more than they actually did about gun safety.

  D. All of the above.

  Part B

  Directions: Read the following passage carefully and then give short answers to the five questions. Write your answers on the ANSWER SHEET2.

  Both in America and Britain there is an eagerness on the part of TV executives to play down the importance of the small screen, except .of course, if the field of selling goods.

  This desire to minimize the social impact of TV is perfectly natural. If it could be conclusively proved that the electronic box was a major factor in determining the attitudes and the values of a nation then two awkward questions would have to be answered.

  Is it right that a medium that has such influence should be primarily concerned with the provision of entertainment and the advertising of goods?

  And an even more embarrassing question people might ask is whether the men now running TV have the authority. The understanding or the intelligence to be in control of such a vital part of the state apparatus.

  Because it is disrupting and disturbing life on almost every level in America and Britain, and because it is largely Indulged in by what might be described as the first telly generation, violence is the activity that has been most frequently linked with the consequences of TV.

  There are other even more important trends that might be stimulated or provoked by the program content of TV.

  The demoralization of institutions like the army, the church; the contempt for authority, a healthy skepticism and a welcome permissiveness; an over-simplification of complex issues which makes an electorate(選民) impatient with a political process that cannot solve them. How much is TV responsible? And that these trends are helping to change society at a unprecedented rate can hardly be denied.

  Because the impact of these changes is relatively long-term and not easily pinpointed. there is a vast depth of unconcern about these developments.

  On violence, however, there is an intuitive suspicion that TV might have something to do with it. yet the men running TV have gone to considerable lengths to assure us that we are unduly alarmed about nothing...joxue.

  66. In order to avoid the repetitions of the word television, what other nouns does the author use? Please list at least four.

  67. Can you use another word in this passage to tale the place of play down in para.1?

  68. Why are TV executives in America and Britain eager to play down the importance of TV?

  69. Why do people believe that TV has something to do with increasing violence?

  70. What is the authors attitude toward the argument over TVs influence?..joxue.

  Section IV  Translation (10points)

  Directions:

  In this section there is a passage in English. Translate the five sentences underlined into Chinese and write your translation on ANSWER SHEET 2.

  Lange, multinational corporations may be the companies whose ups and downs seize headlines. (71) But to a far greater extent than most Americans realize, the economys vitality depends on the fortunes of tiny shops and restaurants, neighborhood services and are factories. Small businesses, defined as those with fewer than 100workers,now employ 60 percent of the workforce and expected to generate half of all new jobs between now and the year 2,000. Some 1.2 million small forms have opened their doors over the past 6 years of economic growth, and 1989 will see an additional 200,000 entrepreneurs striking off on their own.

  Too many of these pioneers, however, will blaze ahead unprepared. Idealists will overestimate the clamor for their products or fail to factor in the competition. Nearly everyone will underestimate, often fatally .the capital that success requires. (72) Midcareer executives, forced by a takeover or a restructuring to quit the corporation and find another way to support themselves, may savor the idea of being their own boss but may forget that entrepreneurs must also. at least for a while, be bookkeepers and receptionists, too. According to Samll Business Administration data, 24 of every 100 businesses starting out today are likely to disappear in two years, and 27 more will have shut their doors four years from now. By 1995, more than 60 of those 100 start-ups, 77 percent of the companies surveyed were still alive. (73) Most credited their success in large part to having picked a business they already were comfortable in Eighty percent had worked with the same product or service in their last jobs.

  Thinking through an enterprise before the launch is obviously critical. But many entrepreneurs forget that a firms health in its infancy may be little indication of how well it will age .you must tenderly monitor its pulse, in their zeal, to expand. Small business owners often ignore early warning signs of a stagnant market or of decaying profitability. (74) They hopefully four more and more into the enterprise, preferring not to acknowledge eroding profit margins that means the market for their ingenious service or product has evaporated, or that they must cut the payroll or vacate their lavish offices. Only when the financial well runs dry do they see the seriousness of the illness, and by then the patient is usually too far gone to save.

  Frequent checks of your firms vital signs will also guide you to a sensible rate of growth. (75) To snatch opportunity, you must spot the signals that it is time to conquer the new markets, add products or perhaps franchise your hot ideas...joxue.

  Section V  Writing (20 points)

  Directions:/

  In this part, you are asked to write a composition according to the information below. You should write more than 150 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2.

  Outline:

  1. 有人認為財富比健康重要。

  2. 有人認為健康比財富重要。

  3. 你的看法。

  2003MBA英語聯考真題解析http://www.mbajyz.cn/

  Section II

  B21. Long long ago, most foresters have been men, but today, a number of women this field is climbing.

  A. registering B. pursuing C. devoting D. engaging

  forester:根據forest變出來的,林務員,森林人,伐木員;

  forest:森林

  此題考詞匯,建議:不要把每一詞都翻譯為漢語。

  A. registering 登記、記錄、注冊、顯出、顯露 register letter

  B. pursuing:追求、追趕 、進行、從事 、從事某項工作

  C. devoting :把…獻給 …;把 …專門用于

  D. engaging:表示從事某項工作 engaging in

  engaging作及物動詞后面跟代詞作賓語,不能跟this field

  C22. The banknotes which had fooled many bank tellers were discovered to be

  A. artificial B. genuine C. counterfeit D. faulty

  A. artificial:假的;

  多用于:假花 artificial flower 人造革 artificial leather

  人工智能 artificial intelligence 人造衛星 artificial satellite

  tellers:本句話為會計、出納

  C. counterfeit :偽造的貨幣

  假的鉆石:counterfeit diamond

  D. faulty:有缺點、有錯誤、不完善

  C23. Without a whole hearted to a keen forward-looking vision and a deep insight, you cannot be a leader.

  A. determination B. resolution C. commitment D. obligation

  A. determination:決心堅定、果斷 ;決定

  B. resolution 1、決心、決定 2、法院的判決;3、問題的解答

  C. commitment :托付、交托、承諾、承擔、獻身、介入、信奉、支持

  D. obligation:義務、責任

  D24. All transactions are strictly , and we never sell, rent or trade any customer's name.

  A. considerable B. confident C. considerate D. confidential

  A. considerable :相當的、可觀的

  B. confident :自信、有信心的

  C. considerate :考慮周到、體貼入微

  considerable:相當大(或多), 值得考慮的, 相當可觀的

  注意:一定要背單詞、詞匯是基礎.

  D. confidential:秘密的、機密的

  B25. Big businesses enjoy certain that smaller ones do not have.

  A. transactions B. privileges C. subsidies D. substitutes

  ones替代了businesses

  smaller ones = smaller businesses

  smaller修飾ones

  A. transactions:交易

  B. privileges :特權、優惠

  C. subsidies :補貼、失業補貼

  D. substitutes:替代物、替代品

  C26. Your kindness in giving to the consideration of the above problem will be highly appreciated.

  A. importance B. advantage C. priority D. authority

  A. importance:重要的http://www.mbajyz.cn/

  B. advantage:優點 、優勢

  C. priority:優先、優先權

  D. authority :權威、當局

  D27. The border incident led to the two countries their diplomatic relations.

  A. breaking out B. breaking in C. breaking through D. breaking off

  A. break out:爆發

  The war of Iraq break out on March twenty.

  B. break in1、闖到別人家中 2、插話

  The thief broke in through the bedroom window.

  C. break through :突破、克服、掙脫而除

  D. break off :中斷、突然停止

  B28. I meant to sound confident at the interview but I' m afraid I as self-assertive.

  A. got in B. got over C. got off D. got out

  meant:不是意味著的意思

  I meant no harm.

  afraid:恐怕;afraid后面表達不太好的意思.

  A. got in:收獲、莊稼收獲

  B. got over 1、克服困難 2、給人一種印象

  C. got off 下火車、汽車;離開

  D. got out :從小汽車出來、逃跑、泄露

  A29. John planned to take part in the competition but had to on account of the car accident.

  A. drop out B. hold out C. get out D. run out

  注意:but 轉折詞前后表達的意思相反。

  A. drop out :退學、輟學

  B. hold out :伸出、堅持

  C. get out :出去,離開、逃脫

  D. run out :用完了

  C30. He doesn't work but he gets a good from his investment.

  A. subsidy B. income C. earning D. salary

  A. subsidy :補貼、失業補貼

  B. income :好的收入

  C. earning :賺錢、收益、投資賺的錢

  D. salary:薪水

  工資的表述:

  Salary:年薪 (白領)

  Wage(s):周薪 (藍領) = weekly pay

  Pay:總稱,計時工資http://www.mbajyz.cn/

  B31. can help but be fascinated by the world into which he is taken by the science fiction.

  A. Anybody B. Nobody C. Somebody D. Everybody

  一般來說:與but連用的不定代詞否定的居多。

  Everybody:所有人

  Anybody:任何人

  Somebody:某一個人

  Nobody:無人,沒有任何人No one

  science fiction:科幻小說

  fiction:小說總稱;

  novel:指具體的小說

  B32. Anyone with half an eye on the unemployment figures knew thay the assertion about economic recovery just around the corner was untrue.

  A. was B. being C. would be D. to be

  注意:an eye:不表示一只眼睛

  keep an eye on him:請注意監督他

  首先排除ACwaswould be都是動詞謂語,句中的that后面已經有了動詞所以不用在填謂語。

  assertion后面有一個定語(about介詞短語作定語)economic recovery后面需要一個非謂語形式的動詞。

  獨立主格分詞結構:此句的主格economic recovery being to be為表語

  being:表示一個狀態

  to be:表示將來

  economic recovery可以作介詞about的賓語,賓語后面跟beingbeing后面跟 just around corner

  例:Her mother ______ ill, she went home.

  A. was B. being B

  兩句話之間如用""連接或用and連接可用was

  As her mother was ill, she went home.

  Being獨立主格分詞結構表示回家的原因。

  D33. Oceans continually lose by evaporating much of the river water into them.

  A. to constantly flow B. be constantly flowing

  C. constantly flows D. constantly flowing

  evaporate:蒸發(超綱詞)

  lose的賓語是muchriver water流到海洋里面

  A. to constantly flow

  B. be constantly flowing :錯誤

  C. constantly flows:把river water作主語,第三人稱單述動詞加s,但river water不能作主語

  D. constantly flowing /

  river waterof的賓語,后面沒有跟定語從句,排除選項BC

  D. constantly flowing :表示一般性的動作

  A. to constantly flow:表示動作將要發生

  注意:英文中代詞的用法

  it , its

  they, them, their

  名詞不重復同一個詞,與漢語不同,要注意以上單詞代替前面的哪個名詞。

  例:工業學大慶,舉大慶的旗,走大慶的路,辦大慶的企業。

  在英文中用its代替大慶。

  注意:

  they, them, their:指最靠近的復述名詞

  it:指最靠近的單述名詞,如果最靠近的名詞不合適向前面找一個。

  into them: much of the river water constantly flowing into oceans .

  Oceans continually lose much of the river water by evaporating .

  by:表示手段

  A34. The result has turned still worse than it .

  A. would otherwise have been B. would be otherwise

  C. had otherwise been D. has otherwise been

  首先排除選項CD,沒有表現虛擬的形式

  A. would otherwise have been :前面用完成形式has turned,后面也用完成形式

  D35. There is no reason they should limit how much vitamin you take, they can limit how much water you drink.

  A. much more than B. no more than

  C. no less than D. any more than

  A. much more than:不能正確連接句子的意思

  B. no more than :句子中有no后面不能再用no

  C. no less than :不能正確連接句子的意思

  D. any more than

  注意:否定詞 no reason,后面不能再用否定,排除選項BC

  A36. He told us how he dealt with the self-interest of different countries to bring them into a kind of international accord. everyone seemed to benefit.

  A. where B. what C. that D. which

  accord:相當于agreement協議(超綱詞)

  A. where:引導的從句修飾前面的地點

  B. what what從句http://www.mbajyz.cn/

  C. that :定語從句

  D. which:定語從句

  everyone seemed to benefit from something

  排除選項BCD

  where :修飾accord

  Where there is a will, there is a way.

  有志者事竟成

  where:意志、決心

  a way:有辦法

  建議:背單詞要記一些簡單的句子

  B. 37. We hope the measures to control prices taken by the government will succeed.

  A. when B. as C. since D. after

  taken:修飾measures,不是修飾prices

  as taken省略 as they are taken

  用when 政府還沒采取措施,當政府采取的這些措施,與will succeed聯系不上。

  用as表示政府已經采取措施,正如政府采取的這些措施。√

  A38. The costs of distribution and sales make up a large part of prices that .

  A. all products are paid for B. are paid for all products

  C. all products paid D. for which all products paid

  首先排除選項D

  句中已經有了that再用 for which不能連起來

  排除選項C

  product應作主語

  若B. are paid for all products正確,

  此句話為:The price is paid for the product.(語法正確,但不是 idiomatic English

  例:her mother being ill, she went home.

  建議:首先復習大學的英文課本

  例:I paid driver quickly.

  I為主語,quickly副詞作狀語。

  注意:動詞的主語是人還是物。

  例:English is interesting. 此句主語為物)

  I am interested in English. 此句主語為人)

  moved , touched 用人作主語http://www.mbajyz.cn/

  moving, touching 用物作主語

  A. all products are paid for

  B. are paid for all products 表達意思不同

  D 39. So quickly are science and technology advancing is a possibility today may be a reality tomorrow.

  A. that B. what C. that which D. that what

  首先排除選項B沒有 that

  so...thatthat在從句中不能當主語,不能當介詞賓語.排除選項A

  may be a reality tomorrow需要一個主語,主語要由 what引導,what is a possibility today 整個從句作主語,may be 為動詞賓語,a reality tomorrow.表語。

  例:what he said ___ right

  A. is B. are

  B40. It is still Richard's ambition to study medicine , someday, to make a real contribution to the field of science.

  A. and B. also C. but D. or

  Section III  Reading

  41-44  CCDB        45-46  DB         47-48   CB         49-50  BC

  51-54  BCDD        55-58  BBCC      59-62   BAAD      63-65  CCD

  66.答案為:第一段中的"small screen" ,第二段中的"electronic box"

  第三段中的"medium" 第五段中的"telly generation"

  67.答案為:minimize

  68.答案為:Because TV has become a major factor in determining the attitudes and the values of a nation

  69.答案為:Because there is an intuitive suspicion that TV might have something to do with violence.

  70. 1) He is for the argument.

  2) He against the argument./

  3) He neutral the argument.

  71譯文:但是美國經濟的活力依賴于小商店、小餐館、社區服務以及社區工廠的服務的程度,遠比大多數美國人所意識到的大得多。

  72譯文:當公司遇到兼并或者改組,中層管理人員不得不離開跨國公司另謀出路,他們可能喜歡自己當老板,但是他們可能忘記了企業家們至少有一段時間也得兼做會計或接待。

  73譯文:大多數企業家的成功在很大程度上是因為他們選擇了自己熟悉的行業,其中百分之八十的人此前曾在工作中做過

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